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Agriculture

 

Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity. Rainfall in the country remains relatively abundant, at an average of 2.2 billion cubic meters per year, significantly higher than the regional average. The country is also rich with major rivers and water resources unique in the Middle East.

 

Major regions for crops, meadows and pastures include the Bekaa plain (where more than 40% of the land is cultivated), the North, especially in Koura and Akkar, and the South with the coastal region from Sidon to Tyre (where intensive agriculture is also present in greenhouses). Mount Lebanon and Nabatiyeh are also important agricultural zones, albeit with lower shares of cultivated land due to their rough landscape.

 

KEY FACTS AND FIGURES:

 

  • The Agriculture sector generates around 4.7% of Lebanon’s GDP*
  • It employs roughly 10% of the Lebanese labor force, and is the 4th largest employer in the country.
  • Key agricultural products include fruits (mainly apples, oranges, bananas and grapes, but also significantly olives) which account for 26% of total agricultural production, and vegetables (such as potatoes, tomatoes and maize) which account for 48% of total production
  • Amongst the fruit category, apples account for the highest share of production with 23% of total fruits production. They are followed by bananas (18% of fruit production), citrus (17%) and grapes (14%)
  • Lebanon’s main export market for agricultural products remains the Middle East accounting for 95% of the total exports, while European Union countries grasp only 5% of the total. Three major Arab countries represent Lebanon’s main export markets with a 44% share: Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Jordan.
  • Vegetables exports accounted for 51% of agricultural exports in 2014

*Source: National Accounts

 

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES:

 

  • Highest proportion of agricultural land in the Middle East. Agricultural areas cover around 65% of the Lebanese territory (nearly equivalent to 16000 km2)
  • Lebanon’s moderate climate, rich soil, and abundant water resources provide it with key enablers to stand out in the region as an ideal location for agricultural activity
  • Moderate climate allows for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops that would normally grow in both cold and tropical countries
  • Institutional support to the sector: The government through IDAL provides exporters with financial and non-financial support aimed at increasing exports and widening access to new markets
Agriculture Fact Book 2014
Agriculture Investment Incentives
AGRICULTURE OPERATIONAL LICENSES
Agriculture Exporters Directory
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES MARKET OF RUSSIA
Useful Addresses